Home Destinations Avebury Tour - Discover the prehistoric stone ring

Avebury Tour - Discover the prehistoric stone ring

The largest stone circle in Europe

Avebury Tour: The prehistoric stone ring

 

No matter which trip you choose from our services the Avebury tour will surely be an amazing addition to your excursion.

 

The monument in Avebury is a Neolithic henge that plays host to three stone circles, by the village of Avebury in Wiltshire. A henge is a monument larger than 20 metres in diameter that contains a bank and a ditch surrounded by stones. It is known as one of the best prehistoric sites in Britain, and contains the largest megalithic stone circle in the world. Prehistoric and ancient pagans, the most prominent group being the druids, regarded the site as a place of religious importance. It has also become a tourist attraction, modern times, especially after the recently published findings about the square stone formation in the centre of the circle, that caused historians to rethink its origins.

 

Origins of the Avebury Stone Circle

 

The construction of this monument lasted for several centuries in the Neolithic era, around 3000BC. The original role of this megalithic circle remains unknown and many theories surround the Avebury henge.
The area close to Avebury henge became a village during the Middle Ages, and construction of the settlement passed into the monument as well. Parts of the building had been destroyed over the centuries, but most of it had been recorded in the 17th century and reconstructed during the 20th century.
It is unknown in what exact order the monument was built, be it the ditch, banks or stone circle, but researchers have speculated that other features were once part of the circle. They believe that timber circles and structures had been likely inside the circle as well. During the ages, at some point two avenues were also built into the circle leading from the Southeastern entrance and out through the Western. The pairs of stone are said to highlight what a person saw as they walked through the avenue. The man-made mound, known as Silbury Hill, stands not far away as well.

 

The Enigma of Avebury

 

Although the purpose of this great henge remains a mystery, there are many theories surrounding the monument ranging from being a place of pagan rituals to communicating with extraterrestrial beings. It is quite likely that the original purpose will never will be confirmed, however, archaeologists have put forth their thoughts on what the henge may have been used for. Aubrey Burl postulated that it may have been a monument erected to appease the malevolent powers of nature, as an offering of their reverence, and to ask to be spared of hunger, death and disease.

 

Colin Richards put forth the idea that the stone circles may have been created as a representation of the world, for those that built the monument. There’s also been a study of the varying stone shapes, and how they may represent man and women through their forms: tall and slender for men, short and squat for women.

 

The Alexander Keiller Museum in Avebury

 

Not far from the site is the Alexander Keiller Museum, founded in 1938, which includes many of the artifacts found at the Avebury henge. He was one of the first people to use aerial surveys to discover archaeological finds. He excavated a lot of the Avebury henge, unearthing stones, and discovering the barber surgeon skeleton under one of the stones. According to speculation the skeleton belonged to a barber or surgeon based on the razor tools found besides him, who helped the medieval people of Avebury to bury the stones in order to make room for the village, and whilst doing so one of the stones fill on top of hill burying him in the process.

No matter what you believe the origins of the henge to be, you will for sure be astonished by the magnitude of this architectural feat, which may have been the original wish of the builders: leaving their mark on the world.

 
 
Book your Avebury Tour today at Comfort Taxi Tours!
 
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Avebury to Stonehenge and Salisbury Tour

Avebury to Stonehenge and Salisbury Tour

Full-day tour from Chippenham to Avebury, Stonehenge and Salisbury Cathedral

Full-day tour from Chippenham to Avebury, Stonehenge and Salisbury Cathedral.
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Visit the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Stonehenge
Tour the Salisbury Cathedral, holder of multiple records and stunning architecture.

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Highlights

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Visit the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Stonehenge.
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